Environmental degradation entails the destruction of ecosystems, over-use of natural resources and extinction of animal and plant species. Natural occurrences such as volcanoes, intense rainfall, and earthquakes, may cause degradation of the environment. However, ecosystems have adapted to the effect of these natural occurrences. Moreover, in scale, these effects have minimal impact compared to those because of human activities. Therefore, governments and individuals have been called upon to come together to begin acting to reduce the harm (Definition of environmental degradation). Currently, environmental degradation is an issue that requires immediate action because of the escalating rate at which it has been occurring, making it hard for the ecosystem to convalesce. The following include some of the human activities that have contributed to environmental degradation Pollution is considered as the major cause of ozone layer depletion owing to the release of chlorofluorocarbons- CFCs, as they rise into the troposphere causing the depletion. These coupled with acid rain and smog has led to air pollution. Industrial processes and automobiles are responsible for the release and as such, governments have been asked to tax the companies for the emissions. A rise in population has led to a strain on natural resources as needs have increased. Increase in the population goes hand in hand with urbanization, which is associated with adverse environmental effects due to high levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Similarly, the higher the population the higher the level of pollution owing to significant amounts of emissions to the atmosphere. In essence, the average amount of carbon dioxide produced increases as the population grows, which increases global temperatures. Climate change has been directly linked to poverty owing to the negative effects it has on the economic capacity ofthe afflicted persons.
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