The traditional form of a family is a marriage between the opposite gender and having their own children. The family is tied-up by marriage and blood (Corbett 3). The concern of the third chapter is to analyze and study the family as an economic unit which is not limited to the neoclassical model of a family. The time changed and modernization brought about changes in the system. At present, some states in the United States allow same-sex marriage and the traditional model of a family is not the only family pattern that can be seen today. Afterward, several evaluations must be presented like the specialization and the economic capacity of a family in the present time. Some alternative models to the neoclassical models will also be tackled. Some aspects of time allocation to nonmarket work will also be discussed (Blau, Ferber, and Winkler 34).Under the neoclassical model, it is said that the adults have the responsibility to decide on how to maximize the utility and economic result. The neoclassical model is used to analyze the behavior of various members in the family-like division of labor, education, volunteerism, and work (Blau, Ferber, and Winkler 35). Specialization is analyzed by comparative and absolute advantage. Comparative advantage allows the husband or the wife in a family to be efficient at home and at work while the absolute advantage is specializing in just one whether it is at home only or at work only (Blau, Ferber, and Winkler 36-37).Even if the abilities at home and at work of both husband and wife are the same, they still have several advantages. Though the advantages may also be present outside of the family, the benefits are enhanced when the advantages happen within the family through strong commitment and long-term relationships. The advantages are economies of scale, public goods, externalities of consumption, marriage-specific investments, risk-pooling, and institutional advantages (Blau, Ferber, and Winkler 39).
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